Conscious affirmative action programs in areas outside of higher education this paper analyzes the university of michigan cases and discusses their impact on higher education policy making and on the constitutional assessment of affirmative action. Bollinger, the court held that a university's affirmative action policy survives strict scrutiny under the equal protection clause if it is based on holistic, individualized consideration of applicants and not a quota. The arguing among them is mostly over how the ban on affirmative action passed by michigan voters fits into a line of older local and state ballot initiatives, in the late 1960s and 1970s, in.
In a win for affirmative action supporters, the court narrowly ruled in a 5-4 decision that michigan's law school could consider race in admissions decisions, so long as it was weighed against. In the two university of michigan affirmative action cases in june of 2003, the supreme court closely examined the practices and methodologies used by the respective admissions offices in finding diversity as an acceptable admissions goal, the court approved a flexible assessment plan used by the. The state shall not discriminate, or grant preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting. Tabrian joe, a sophomore at western michigan university, leads a protest in support of affirmative action outside the supreme court during the hearing of schuette v.
Nondiscrimination policy notice the university of michigan is committed to a policy of equal opportunity for all persons and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, marital status, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, disability, religion, height, weight, or veteran status in employment. The topic of affirmative action has been of great debate for many years most recently in the state of michigan concerning college admissions policies to the best of my knowledge affirmative action has not affected me directly the idea of special treatment for any group of people is unjust. Grutter v bollinger, 539 us 306 (2003), was a landmark case in which the united states supreme court upheld the affirmative action admissions policy of the university of michigan law school. Affirmative action affirmative action affirmative action introduction affirmative action is the name of an american social practice through which members of historically disadvantaged racial and/or ethnic groups are given preferential treatment in an effort to compensate for past harm caused to their ancestors. Affirmative action on november 7, 2006, a majority of michigan voters passed proposal 2, an amendment to the state of michigan constitution that prohibits discrimination and granting of preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin.
Free affirmative action essays - affirmative action is discrimination - affirmative action is discrimination affirmative action is a plan designed to end discrimination by guaranteeing minorities will be hired, regardless of race or gender. The following information details the use of affirmative action in universities and employment in michigan, as well as notable court cases originating in the state michigan is one of eight states that have banned racial preferences in university admissions and public employment the effects of. Affirmative action under very narrow circumstances on the issue of whether diversity was a compelling interest, justice kennedy concluded that it could be, both in university admissions and in public school.
Coalition to defend affirmative action that voters have the right to decide on issues of affirmative action in their state for university leaders who have relied on race-based affirmative action as their main tool for promoting diversity on campus, this is troubling. Affirmative action: equality or reverse discrimination affirmative action is a program that serves to rectify the effects of purportedly past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and opportunities to minorities and women. University of michigan student ebrie benton, left, demonstrates outside the federal courthouse, wednesday, march 7, 2012, in cincinnati, where the sixth circuit court of appeals was hearing oral arguments in their review of their ruling last summer that proposal 2, the ban on affirmative action in michigan, is unconstitutional.
Roughly a good affirmative action: affirmative action essays and affirmative action state of texas and equal opportunity in affirmative action threatens to affirmative action louis p quality essays, which required fields are bombarded with the. First a history on the matter: affirmative action is a major issue legally, politically, and socially, especially when it involves higher education admission processes affirmative action was put into place during the civil rights era in hopes of resolving racism, past discrimination, and past segregation. However, it is important to note the effects of affirmative action, particu- larly when they are negated or altered as in two recent cases in the states of texas and california.
New book makes case for diversity argument responding the current legal attacks on affirmative action in college admissions, the civil rights project at harvard university has recently published diversity challenged: evidence on the impact of affirmative action. The michigan civil rights initiative (mcri), or proposal 2 (michigan 06-2), was a ballot initiative in the us state of michigan that passed into michigan constitutional law by a 58% to 42% margin on november 7, 2006, according to results officially certified by the michigan secretary of state. Affirmative action is back before the supreme court of the united states of america this week in schuette v coalition to defend affirmative action, the highest court in our land will examine an amendment to the constitution of the state of michigan that was passed in 2006 by 58% of michigan voters.